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Russia’s Approach to Cyber Warfare

Center for Naval Analysis (CNA)


Russia views cyber very differently than its western counterparts, from the way Russian theorists define cyberwarfare to how the Kremlin employs its cyber capabilities. The paper examines the Russian approach to cyber warfare, addressing both its theoretical and its practical underpinnings.

Why is this important?

The Western typology of conflict can create problems with understanding. Conflict is much more holistic and the reductionist constructs of Western thinking leave us confused or poorly oriented. (OODA) -- JK


Michael Connell and Sarah Vogler

Publication Date

March 1, 2017