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Methods of Foreign Electoral Interference


"There is no universal template for the Kremlin’s election meddling operations – every case is different and involves a unique combination of methods based on the Kremlin’s objectives and the specific context and vulnerabilities of the target country or election process."

Why is this important?

"Russian electoral interference is a long game: many of these methods are used, in varying degrees, far in advance of elections themselves, and only intensify during campaign periods. Influence efforts are now a persistent feature of our political landscape: for example, the Kremlin’s disinformation war against Europe shows no signs of abating, while reports of cyber attacks are ever more common."


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Photo Credit: Kaihsu Tai (CC 3.0)

Publication Date

April 2, 2019