1. Information overload has permanently changed the news environment for the
public, challenging democracies as a result.
2. The human need to find patterns of meaning in events, combined with increasing
information availability, exposes Australians to the risk of accepting false or
3. Nation-states can weaponise these narratives to further increase their spread,
destructiveness, and focus toward an intended population, especially online.
4. As seen in the US and UK, the use of these narratives can disrupt and degrade the
normal functioning of democracy.